a wooden plate topped with fried Okoy next to a jar of sauce.

Vegetable Ukoy Recipe: A Filipino Fritter Twist

Vegetable Ukoy, or Mixed Vegetable Okoy as commonly known, is a popular Filipino appetizer. A delightful twist on traditional Filipino Fritters, this recipe replaces shrimp and bean sprouts with a colorful medley of vegetables. It’s a classic Asian recipe that’s delicious and a great way to use leftover vegetables, promoting waste reduction and sustainable cooking.

a person dipping some food into a jar.

Understanding Ukoy or Okoy

The Filipino dish “Ukoy” or “Okoy” is traditionally a crispy deep-fried fritter crafted from a glutinous rice batter and unshelled small shrimp, combined with an assortment of vegetables like scallions, mung bean sprouts, cassava, sweet potato, calabaza, and julienned green papaya, onions, and carrots. Vinegar-based dipping sauces typically accompany these fritters and can be savored on their own or with white rice. In the Philippines, they are a common choice for breakfast, snacks, or appetizers. In addition, Okoy occasionally gets a bright orange color from achuete (annatto) seeds.

Etymology and Origin

Despite being very different dishes, the name “Okoy” originates in Hokkien, a Chinese language spoken in Fujian province. Filipino linguist Gloria Chan-Yap says Okoy comes from Hokkien ō+kuè, meaning “cake made from taro.” The Philippine dish does not utilize taro or minced pork like its Hokkien counterpart. The only similarity they share is that both are deep-fried and pancake-shaped.

Traditional Recipe

The most basic traditional Okoy recipe uses galapong (ground-soaked glutinous rice) as the batter, spiced with onion, garlic, salt, and scallions. This batter is then mixed with mashed calabaza (a type of squash) and unshelled small shrimp. The mixture is deep-fried as small flat patties until they achieve a golden brown color. After frying, the excess oil is removed by placing the fritters on paper towels. They are best enjoyed warm and crispy.

a collage of photos showing how to make a vegetable okoy.

Variations of Okoy

There are many variations when it comes to Okoy, with the batter possibly consisting of an egg and cornstarch mix, regular flour, or rice flour. The shrimp can be swapped for alternatives like shredded chicken, calamari, or small fish. Okoy can also designate omelets prepared with mashed sweet potato or calabaza, which may or may not include shrimp.

Modern versions of Okoy often use regular flour or rice flour instead of galapong. In addition, they experimented with other non-traditional ingredients, including potatoes, bell peppers, tofu, and water chestnuts. Finally, a unique dish variant incorporates banana flowers cooked in batter.

Okoy, traditionally, can be enjoyed as a standalone dish or accompanied by white rice. Commonly, it is offered with a vinegar-infused dipping sauce, such as sinamak or pinakurat. Alternatively, it can be complemented with other sauces, including banana ketchup, tomato ketchup, sweet and sour concoctions, or even garlic-infused mayonnaise.

With its numerous variations and versatility, Okoy embodies Filipino cuisine’s spirit – rich in flavors and vibrant colors and open to creative interpretation.

Watch My Vegetable Ukoy Recipe on Youtube

Other Ukoy Recipes

  • Ukoy na Toge by Kawaling Pinoy: This rendition of ukoy utilizes mung bean sprouts (togue) as its primary ingredient instead of the more commonly used squash and sweet potatoes. It provides a delicious, crunchy, and nutritious spin on the traditional ukoy recipe.
  • Shrimp Ukoy by Panlasang Pinoy: This traditional Filipino ukoy dish makes shrimp the main feature. Shrimp ukoy is a beloved street food in the Philippines, renowned for its flavorful, crispy texture and the savory taste of the shrimp.

Other Fritter Recipes

  • Fried Okra: Although not an ukoy variant, fried okra is a fritter recipe worth exploring. Originating from the Southern United States, fried okra is a delicious, bite-sized snack that is crunchy on the outside and soft on the inside. The okra is coated in cornmeal and then deep-fried to achieve golden perfection.

These variations and related recipes showcase the incredible diversity of fritters in various cuisines and offer a broad array of options to cater to all dietary preferences and taste profiles. So whether you’re after a more traditional Filipino dish or keen to try a Southern favorite, a fritter recipe is bound to hit the spot.

a series of photos showing how to make a vegetable okoy batter.

Serving Suggestions

Mixed Vegetable Okoy can be served as a starter, a side dish, or a main meal. These vegan fritters make excellent finger food for parties or family gatherings. Paired with sweet pink chili Vinegar, these fritters are a burst of tangy, savory, and crispy goodness that will have your guests reaching for more.

Tips and Alternatives

You could experiment with different flour choices or cooking methods if you want to switch things up. For example, instead of deep-frying, consider pan-frying, baking, or air-frying your Okoy for a healthier alternative.

a collage of photos showing how to make a vegetable okoy.

Vegetable Ukoy: A Dish for All

In conclusion, the Vegetable Ukoy recipe is a versatile dish that caters to all taste buds. It’s a delightful vegetarian alternative to traditional Filipino Fritters, making it an ideal choice for vegans or those looking to incorporate more vegetables into their diet. It’s a dish that’s as fun to make as it is to eat and will undoubtedly become a favorite in your home.

So, why give this Mixed Vegetable Okoy recipe a try? Whether you’re a seasoned cook or a novice in the kitchen, this recipe is easy to follow and delivers on taste. Plus, it’s an excellent opportunity to explore Filipino cuisine and experiment with different flavors and textures. So go ahead and treat yourself and your loved ones to this delicious dish—you won’t regret it!


Vegetable Ukoy

5 from 1 vote
Course: Appetizers, SnacksCuisine: FilipinoDifficulty: Easy


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A unique twist on a Filipino classic, this Mixed Vegetable Okoy recipe turns everyday vegetables into a delicious and crispy snack. Served with tangy pink sweet chili vinegar, it’s an appetizer sure to impress.

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  • 400 grams 400 grams Squash

  • 1 medium 1 medium Sweet Potato

  • 1 medium 1 medium Carrot

  • 1 medium 1 medium Red Onion

  • 20 grams 20 grams Onion Leeks

  • 1 cup 125 g Flour

  • 1 cup 128 g Cornstarch

  • 1 cup 236.59 ml Cold Lemon Soda or Cold Water

  • 1 pc 1 pc Egg

  • Salt and Pepper to Taste

  • Cooking Oil

  • Pink Sweet Chili Vinegar
  • 1 cup 236.59 ml White Vinegar

  • 2 tbsp 24 g Sugar

  • 1 tsp 6 g Salt

  • 2 pcs 2 pcs Red Chili (chopped)

  • 2 cloves 2 cloves Garlic (minced)

  • 1 small 1 small Red Onion (minced)


  • Prepare the vegetables: Peel the squash, sweet potato, and carrot. Grate these vegetables into thin strips. Chop the red onion and onion leeks finely. Mix these all together in a large bowl.
  • Make the batter: In another bowl, combine the flour, cornstarch, salt, and pepper. Stir in the cold lemon soda or water and the egg. Mix until smooth.
  • Combine: Add the grated vegetables to the batter. Stir until the vegetables are well-coated.
  • Cook the Okoy: Heat the cooking oil in a frying pan over medium heat. Once the oil is hot, scoop spoonfuls of the vegetable and batter mix into the pan, pressing them down lightly to form thin pancakes. Fry until the Okoy is golden brown and crispy, taking 2-3 minutes on each side.
  • Prepare the Pink Sweet Chili Vinegar: While the Okoy is cooking, combine the vinegar, sugar, salt, chopped chili, garlic, and red onion in a small saucepan. Mix until the sugar and salt completely dissolve.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Can I use other types of vegetables?

Yes, you can. The recipe is versatile and allows for many different vegetables to be used.

Can I use a different type of vinegar?

Yes, you can use any vinegar you choose if you can’t find Pink Sweet Chili Vinegar.

Can I bake the Okoy instead of frying it?

Yes, you can bake or air-fry the Okoy as a healthier alternative, but it may not be as crispy as when deep-fried.

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